Antoni Plàcid Guillem Gaudí i Cornet was born on June 25, 1852, in Reus, Spain to coppersmith parents. He studied at the Escola Superior d’Arquitectura in Barcelona and designed his first major commission for the Gothic-styled Casa Vincens in Barcelona.
Maurits Cornelis Escher, best known for his mathematically inspired prints, was born on June 17, 1898 in Leeuwarden, Netherlands. Escher spent much of his childhood in Arnhem where he attended school. Though he did well at drawing, Escher did not excel in other subjects and received poor grades. From 1919 – 1922, Escher attended the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem where he initially studied architecture but shifted to drawing and printmaking.
Born on June 15, 1917 in Brooklyn, New York, Lillian Bassman is considered one of the most important fashion photographers of the 20th century.
Bassman studied at the Textile High School in Manhattan, NY in 1933 and became an assistant painter at the WPA (Works Progress Administration) in 1934. In the 1940s, Bassman was working as a graphic designer when photographer Richard Avedon, a friend of her’s and her husband (Paul Himmel), encouraged her to pursue a career in photography.